Join us at our interdisciplinary Essex Workshop on Development (EWOD). Every month, faculty and PhD students across all our departments are joined by external practitioners to discuss current research on development from both an academic and a policy perspective.
Our workshops are open to everyone.
International aid plays an important role in the reconstruction of war-torn societies after the end of civil war, but its effectiveness depends on whether aid reaches the most needy recipients. We study how power sharing in Nepal's post-conflict transition affected the political capture of aid. We argue that despite the explicit inclusion of disadvantaged groups in the Comprehensive Peace Agreement from 2006 and the Interim Constitution, regions that neither aligned with the Maoist rebels nor the government during the civil war remained politically disadvantaged and received lower aid allocations. The causal mechanism that accounts for this is the low threat potential of non-combatant groups, which results in under-representation during peace negotiations and post-conflict institutions. To investigate our claims, we propose to conduct field interviews with key stakeholders from representative districts in Nepal, including NGO officials, donor representatives, as well as local and central government officials. We also present preliminary statistical evidence that shows that districts that did not experience fighting received lower World Bank aid allocations, regardless of economic need. At the same time, regions that supported the Maoist rebellion received systematically higher aid allocations when the Maoists party (CPN(M)) held government office.
There has been a phenomenal global increase in the proportion of women in politics in the last twenty years. There is evidence that raising the share of women politicians has substantive impacts on the composition of government spending, but scarcely any evidence of how it influences economic performance.
Feedback will be provided by:
Sexual exploitation and abuse is an all too present feature of post-conflict contexts, fuelled by factors such as poverty, discrimination, significant power imbalances and inadequate governance and oversight structures.
Does your research focus on issues of development? Do you need feedback on your research project from both the academic and policy side?
All faculty members and PhD students at Essex can present their work at EWOD, as long as it focuses on issues of development, and they're willing to share a working manuscript with the EWOD group in advance of the workshop.
If you'd like to present, email us with the title and abstract of your topic. We'll be in touch to discuss the next steps.